- The pyramids of Giza
The environmental impact of the Cairo metropolitan area and the mass rush of tourists in recent years have had a massive impact on buildings, especially the Sphinx. The number of visitors is higher on Fridays because many Egyptians use the day off for a tour.
The Nusha and Antoniadis Gardens are worth a visit. Lush, partly subtropical vegetation, relative silence, beautiful views – a really relaxing alternative to the bustle of the city. You can also visit the zoo located here. The gardens border – directly southeast of the center – on the Mahmudija Canal. The jewelry museum is worth seeing. In the southwest of the city was the Serapeum, the glamorous temple of Serapis.
- Saqqara pyramids, Memphis ruins
When at the end of the 4th millennium BC BC Upper and Lower Egypt grew together to form a political unity, the city of Memphis, the “Libra of the two countries”, formed at the natural interface between the Delta and the Nile Valley. It was the capital of Egypt in the time of the Old Empire. The Saqqara Pyramids are among the 10 most popular attractions in Egypt.
- Karnak temple complex
In Pharaonic Egypt, the place was called “Chosen of the Sites”, because here stood the largest sanctuary of the Egyptians for over two millennia. The youngest parts of the building are located at the next place to the Nile.
- Luxor temple
As the southern part of the temple city of Thebes West, the Luxor Temple is connected to Karnak by an over 2 km long avenue of Sphinxes, the southernmost end of which is exposed and forms a magnificent entrance to the temple. The temple was called “Southern Harem” in ancient Egypt and was the place of the holy wedding of Amun-Re.
- Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings is one of the 10 most popular attractions in Egypt. The completely vegetation-free wadi with the royal tombs is a little hidden behind a mountain range on the fruitland border. You get the strongest impression of the lonely wadi when you walk across the mountain from Der el Bahri.
Aswan, which today has a population of around 500,000 but still looks like a cozy small town, runs exclusively along the eastern bank of the Nile, and the western bank then suddenly changes into desert. However, just to the north of the rock tombs, the west side also widens as fruit land, there are a few Nubian villages on the edge of the desert.
- Elephantine Island
The first settlement of Yebu was built on the island of Elephantine; today’s city of Aswan was originally only the port of Yebu. Traces of settlement go back in time.
- The dams
Already 1898 – 1902 a 2 km long dam was pulled across the river south of Aswan.
- The temples of Abu Simbel
The temples are illuminated by the morning sun, so plan a visit in the early morning if possible.