Geography of Brown County, Texas

Brown County, located in the central part of the U.S. state of Texas, is a region characterized by its diverse geography, rich history, and abundance of natural resources. Encompassing an area of approximately 957 square miles, Brown County is situated in the heart of Texas and is known for its mix of rolling hills, rivers, lakes, and expansive grasslands. In this comprehensive overview, we’ll explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other significant features of Brown County. Check homethodology to learn more about the state of Texas.


Brown County is bordered by Comanche County to the north, Eastland County to the northeast, Mills County to the southeast, San Saba County to the southwest, and Coleman County to the west. The county’s geography is primarily characterized by its rolling hills and grasslands, with elevations ranging from around 1,000 feet in the eastern part of the county to over 1,700 feet in the western part. The county seat and largest city is Brownwood, located near the center of the county.


The climate of Brown County is classified as humid subtropical, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. The region experiences moderate precipitation throughout the year, with most of the rainfall occurring during the spring and fall months. Summers are typically hot, with average high temperatures in the 90s°F to 100s°F range, while winters are mild, with average low temperatures in the 30s°F to 40s°F range.


Brown County is home to several lakes and reservoirs that offer recreational opportunities for residents and visitors. These lakes provide opportunities for fishing, boating, swimming, and picnicking. Some of the notable lakes in Brown County include:

  1. Lake Brownwood: Lake Brownwood is the largest lake in Brown County and is located near the city of Brownwood. The lake covers over 7,300 acres and offers fishing for bass, catfish, and crappie, as well as boating, water skiing, and camping at designated campsites.
  2. Lake Coleman: Lake Coleman is a smaller reservoir located in the western part of Brown County, near the town of Coleman. The lake is popular for fishing, particularly for bass and crappie, as well as boating and picnicking at the public park.


Brown County is intersected by several rivers and streams that flow through its landscape, providing habitat for wildlife and opportunities for outdoor recreation. These rivers and streams also play a vital role in the region’s economy, providing water for agriculture, industry, and municipal use. Some of the notable rivers in Brown County include:

  1. Pecan Bayou: Pecan Bayou is a tributary of the Colorado River and flows through the northern part of Brown County. The river is popular for fishing, particularly for bass and catfish, as well as kayaking, canoeing, and tubing.
  2. Jim Ned Creek: Jim Ned Creek is a tributary of the Colorado River and flows through the southern part of Brown County. The creek is known for its scenic beauty and provides opportunities for fishing, swimming, and wildlife viewing.

Parks and Recreation Areas:

Brown County is home to several parks, wildlife refuges, and recreational areas that showcase the region’s natural beauty and provide opportunities for outdoor recreation and leisure. These areas offer hiking trails, camping facilities, picnic areas, and other amenities for visitors to enjoy. Some of the notable parks and recreation areas in Brown County include:

  1. Brownwood State Park: Brownwood State Park is located in the northern part of Brown County and encompasses over 500 acres of protected land. The park features hiking trails, fishing ponds, and camping areas, as well as a swimming pool and interpretive center.
  2. Lake Brownwood State Park: Lake Brownwood State Park is located on the shores of Lake Brownwood and encompasses over 500 acres of protected land. The park offers hiking trails, fishing piers, and camping facilities, as well as swimming areas and boat ramps for launching watercraft.


Agriculture is an important industry in Brown County, with much of the land devoted to farming and ranching. The fertile soil and favorable climate make it suitable for a variety of crops, including cotton, wheat, sorghum, and hay. Livestock farming, including cattle and sheep production, is also common in the county.


In conclusion, Brown County, Texas, is a region of diverse geography, rich natural resources, and abundant outdoor recreational opportunities. From its rolling hills and grasslands to its lakes and rivers, the county offers a variety of landscapes and activities for residents and visitors to enjoy. Whether you’re fishing on Lake Brownwood, hiking in Brownwood State Park, or exploring the scenic beauty of Pecan Bayou, Brown County has something for everyone to experience and appreciate in the great outdoors.