Tag Archive: Cyprus

Cyprus, an island nation in the Eastern Mediterranean, is characterized by its rich history, cultural diversity, and a complex geopolitical landscape. With a population of around 1. 2 million people, Cyprus is divided into the Republic of Cyprus in the south and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, recognized only by Turkey, in the north. The capital, Nicosia, is the last divided capital in Europe. Cyprus gained independence from British colonial rule in 1960, and its history has been shaped by inter-communal tensions between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities, leading to a division in 1974. The Republic of Cyprus, a member of the European Union since 2004, is a presidential republic with Nicos Anastasiades as the current president. The ongoing Cyprus dispute remains a central issue, with reunification efforts periodically pursued under the auspices of the United Nations. In terms of foreign policy, the Republic of Cyprus actively engages in regional and international affairs. As an EU member state, Cyprus aligns its policies with EU positions, particularly on issues related to regional stability, migration, and energy security. The country has developed strategic partnerships with neighboring countries, including Greece and Egypt, fostering cooperation in areas such as energy exploration and maritime security. Cyprus is a key player in the Eastern Mediterranean’s evolving geopolitical dynamics, with its exclusive economic zone (EEZ) being a focal point of energy exploration. Turkey’s involvement in the region and maritime disputes heighten tensions, impacting Cyprus’s foreign policy considerations. Additionally, Cyprus participates in various international organizations and peacekeeping missions, contributing to global efforts for conflict resolution and humanitarian assistance. The Republic of Cyprus advocates for a comprehensive settlement to the Cyprus issue based on UN resolutions, fostering a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation. Economically, Cyprus has made strides in sectors such as tourism, finance, and shipping, contributing to its overall prosperity. The government has implemented economic reforms to address challenges such as high public debt and unemployment. The country has also embraced renewable energy initiatives, aiming to reduce its carbon footprint. While the Republic of Cyprus faces ongoing challenges related to the Cyprus issue and external pressures, its foreign policy seeks to navigate regional complexities, contribute to EU initiatives, and foster stability, peace, and economic growth on the island and in the broader Eastern Mediterranean context. RECIPESINTHEBOX: Features defense and foreign policy of Cyprus.