Burundi, located in East-Central Africa, is a small, landlocked country with a tumultuous history marked by ethnic tensions and periods of conflict. The population of around 11 million people faces significant challenges, including high levels of poverty, food insecurity, and limited access to healthcare and education. Bujumbura, situated on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, is the capital and largest city. Burundi has experienced cycles of violence, including a civil war that lasted from 1993 to 2006, and its political landscape has been shaped by power-sharing agreements aimed at addressing ethnic divisions between the Hutu and Tutsi communities. The country transitioned to a constitutional democracy in 2005, with Pierre Nkurunziza serving as president until his death in 2020. Since then, Évariste Ndayishimiye has assumed the presidency. Despite progress in post-conflict reconstruction, Burundi continues to grapple with human rights concerns and political repression. In terms of foreign policy, Burundi has historically maintained a relatively low international profile. The country is a member of the East African Community (EAC) and the African Union (AU), participating in regional initiatives for economic integration and collaboration. Burundi has contributed troops to peacekeeping missions under the auspices of the United Nations and the AU, reflecting its commitment to regional stability. However, the government has been criticized for human rights abuses, press restrictions, and political repression, impacting its relations with some Western nations. The country has sought to strengthen ties with fellow East African nations, addressing common challenges such as regional security, trade, and infrastructure development. Economically, Burundi relies heavily on agriculture, with a significant portion of the population engaged in subsistence farming. The nation faces economic challenges, including high unemployment rates and a reliance on foreign aid. Burundi has engaged in diplomatic efforts to attract foreign investment, improve its business environment, and diversify its economy, although progress in these areas has been limited. The country’s foreign policy is intricately linked to regional dynamics, particularly within the East African context, and Burundi’s ability to address internal challenges while fostering positive relations with the international community remains a complex task. PROZIPCODES: Features defense and foreign policy of Burundi.