According to Aparentingblog.com, Kingdom of Cambodia belongs to French Indochina, located between 10 ° 20 ‘and 140 N. and 102 ° and 108 ° E. between Siam, Laos, Annam and Cochinchina, limited to SW. from the Gulf of Siam. It covers an area of 176,000 sq km. and it has a population (1926) of 2,533,000 residents (1921: 2,402,585; 1911: 1,634,252) of which 979 Europeans, 2,430,000 indigenous French subjects and 101,100 indigenous foreigners; with a density of 14 residents per sq. km. The capital is Pnom Penh (82,000 residents).
In the past the region was a marine gulf, filled by the ancient floods of the Mekong, between coastal mountain ranges: the Dangrek mountains in N. do not exceed 1000 m. in height, they are arranged in sandstone steps towards E.-O., and the river crosses them forming some waterfalls; to the West the Monts des Cardamomas, granite or metamorphic schist, of 1500 m. high, they extend towards S. on the Elephant Mountains which dominate the Gulf of Siam and surround the bay of Kampot. In the center of Cambodia is the Tonle Sap basin (Great Lake and Small Lake), in which the summer floods, due to the overflow of the waters of the Mekong, quintuple the lake surface. The Mekong collects all the waters of the territory, which it enters after the Khung falls; downstream from Pnom-Penh it divides into two branches. The climate is tropical, characterized by the alternation of the rainy SW monsoon. from May to October, with the dry one of NE. from November to April. The amplitude of annual temperatures is low, and the average is 27 °. The rainfall varies from 500 to 2000 mm. inside and reaches up to more than 4000 mm. on the coasts of the Gulf of Siam. There is a sanatorium at 1100 m at Bokor. high, near the coast of the gulf.
The main agricultural products are: rice, cotton, pepper, indigo, mulberry, kapok, copra, gum, palm sugar, cardamom, etc.; forestry ones include luxury woods, gutta-percha, lacquer, etc. Breeding is widespread, so much so that cattle are exported in considerable quantities. The silk industry is highly developed, as well as the indigenous textile and silk art industries, chiselling, wood carving, mother-of-pearl processing. There is also a cotton mill in Ksach Kandal. Fishing is very important and fuels a strong export of salted and dry fish. There are also some deposits of iron (Phnom Dek) and precious stones. External trade is practiced almost entirely through Saigon. Coastal ports on the Gulf of Siam are Kampot and Ream. The trade movement in 1926 was 94,720. 000 French francs of which 68,330,000 due to imports. The communications are mainly made up of the Mekong river route (river network, 1180 km.) And are conducted by regular steam services of the Cochinchina River Transport Company. Car routes connect Saigon to Pnom Penh and Angkor, and Pnom Penh to all the provincial capitals. A railway from Saigon to the Siam border is also planned. The main population centers are, besides the capital, Kampot, Battambang, Pursat, Kratié, Kompong-Chang. Car routes connect Saigon to Pnom Penh and Angkor, and Pnom Penh to all the provincial capitals. A railway from Saigon to the Siam border is also planned. The main population centers are, besides the capital, Kampot, Battambang, Pursat, Kratié, Kompong-Chang. Car routes connect Saigon to Pnom Penh and Angkor, and Pnom Penh to all the provincial capitals. A railway from Saigon to the Siam border is also planned. The main population centers are, besides the capital, Kampot, Battambang, Pursat, Kratié, Kompong-Chang.
History and organization of the country. – The population is made up of descendants of the ancient Khmer, a probable fusion of indigenous elements of the Indochinese peninsula with a race of invaders from the north. For the history and art of this people, which developed with its own characteristics in an original type of civilization, see Khmer. Here it is enough to remember that the Khmer nation, established itself since the century. V d. Cambodia, was influenced by Indian civilization, first of. Brahmanism, later (10th century AD) than Buddhism which is everything. a the dominant religion. The period from the century X to XII is the age of the greatest expansion and political power of the Khmer national kingdom, which extended its conquests to the rival kingdom of Champa (current Cochinchina and southern Annam); the foundation of the great royal city of Angkor (v.) dates back to this period of splendor, the imposing remains of which document the highest artistic, architectural and plastic maturity reached by khmera art. With the century XIII begins the decline, hastened by discord and internal struggles; but the European influence, first Portuguese, then Dutch, became notable only in the 10th century. XVII, with the French. These skilfully knew how to exploit the rivalry between Siam and Annam, which disputed the preponderance over Cambodia, and ended up inducing with the treaty of 11 August 1863 King Norodom, to escape the Siamese influence, to place himself under the protectorate of France; with that of 25 July 1867, Siam renounced any vassalage on the part of Cambodia, while retaining the provinces of Battambang and Angkor. With the treaty of March 25, 1907, Siam ceded the territories of Battambang, Siemreap, in whose province the monuments of Angkor, and Sisophon are to France. The current king Monivong ascended the throne in 1928. The dignity of second king (of Siemreap, in whose province there are the monuments of Angkor, and of Sisophon. The current king Monivong ascended the throne in 1928. The dignity of second king (of Siemreap, in whose province there are the monuments of Angkor, and of Sisophon. The current king Monivong ascended the throne in 1928. The dignity of second king (obbarach) was abolished; the king, assisted by a council of ministers, directs the indigenous administration. A superior resident of France, dependent on the governor general of Indochina, represents the French government with the king. The 13 residential districts (khêts) each have a resident administrator of France and an indigenous governor with, as an assistant, a mandarin (sophea) more especially in charge of justice. In 1908 the Cambodian municipality (hhum) was established with an elective city council and a mayor (mesrok). Cambodia elects a delegate to the Superior Council of the Colonies in Paris.
In addition to the primary schools, there is a college of complementary courses, a practical industrial school and an applied art school in the capital. Traditional indigenous teaching continues to be given in the schools of the bonzes.
Cambodia has its own financial autonomy. The local budget is fed by the incomes of the protectorate, with the exception of those due to the general treasury. The budget of 1927 was, in income and expenses, of 10,838,000 piastres (plate = 12.50 francs).