Tanzania Travel Information
Tanzania is a popular destination for tourists, and
most stays go smoothly. However, travelers should be
aware that there are prohibitions on homosexuality and
sexual behavior that are not considered appropriate
under Tanzanian law.
A central politician in Tanzania warned on 29.10.18
that actions would be taken against LGBTI people. The
case has received a lot of attention in international
and Norwegian media. In a statement from Tanzania's
Foreign Minister 4.11.18, the government distanced
itself from the statements, stressing that Tanzania
respects the human rights conventions and agreements
they have signed. On 7 November, the Minister of the
Interior went public and assured that Tanzania is a safe
country, also for gays. As there is a ban on
homosexuality and sexual behavior that is not considered
appropriate under Tanzanian law, travelers are
encouraged to keep a low profile and not be active on
social media on this topic while staying in Tanzania.
There are a lot of traffic accidents in Tanzania. The
reasons are high speed, failure to comply with traffic
rules, low technical standard on vehicles, poor road
standards and limited driving training. Tourists should
be critical of the vehicles and drivers used. Buses are
constantly involved in serious fatal accidents. It is
warned against driving on the road in the dark.
If you need to take a ferry or other boat transport,
consider the boat's seaworthiness before boarding - you
are in doubt staying on the dock. If you are unsure
whether a ferry is overloaded or otherwise not
seaworthy, you should not board. Buy tickets through
serious travel agencies or the company's own sales
It is recommended to exercise caution when moving
outdoors, valuables should not be carried openly,
walking on foot after dark is not recommended.
Pedestrians are urged to be cautious as motorists do not
show much regard for pedestrians.
All visitors, especially women, should avoid walking
alone along the roads and in isolated areas on the
beaches. Avoid making yourself a target for robbers and
pickpockets by wearing cameras/video equipment visible
or wearing expensive-looking jewelry and watches. Also
do not bring large sums of cash - and do not wallet and
carry in back pocket/bag/large bags.
Purse mapping, most often from passing cars or
motorcycles, is a widespread problem, especially in Dar
es Salaam. There are several examples that bagging from
cars or motorcycles has resulted in serious personal
injury or that the victim has died.
- Countryaah: DDodoma is the capital
of Tanzania. Check to find information of population, geography, history,
and economy about the capital city.
If you are exposed to unfortunate incidents - either
an accident or stolen valuables, you should contact the
nearest police station. This is especially important in
relation to travel insurance.
Tanzania has set up its own unit, the Tourist Police,
which operates in Dar es Salaam and near the major
tourist sites. Most major hotels should have contact
information for the "Tourist Police".
There have been several "taxi robberies" in Dar es
Salaam and partly in the Arusha area. Do not accept
offers of transport from strangers or pirate taxis. You
should always ask for official identification before you
hire a taxi. Is there an extra person to be in the cab
(friend/acquaintance) of the driver, get out and take
the next car. It is recommended to ask the hotel to
arrange transport. Ask for name/phone number so you can
deal with the driver directly.
Demonstrations/social unrest have not been a
challenge in recent years in Tanzania. Past experience
has shown that demonstrations that are challenged by
police can turn into violent clashes.
There is no great danger of kidnapping and abduction
No serious terrorist attacks have occurred in
Tanzania in the last 20 years, but the terrorist threat
cannot be ruled out.
There has been a significant decline in pirate
attacks in the offshore areas of Somalia and neighboring
countries. But there have been attacks as far south as
outside Mozambique, and so far the danger is not
The risk of natural disasters in the form of
earthquakes, tsunamis etc. is no greater in Tanzania
than in other countries. Tanzania has two rainy seasons;
the "small" rainy season in November/December, and the
"big" rainy season from March to June. During the rainy
season, especially the roads that do not have any kind
of fixed deck become very slippery and impassable -
something that you should keep in mind if you plan
longer safaris during the rainy season. The larger
rivers can, during the rainy season at relatively short
notice, cross their banks - which can involve a risk in
case you move around the terrain without a qualified
The Embassy strongly recommends that Norwegian
citizens who are going on holiday to Tanzania or have a
longer stay in the country, register on the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs website for travel registration.
Travel and health insurance is recommended.
Local emergency numbers are: Police, Fire Department,
Ambulance 112, Police Control Room 0713-323999/2194401,
In Dar es Salaam: Aga Khan Hospital (255) (22)
21151521-3, Muhimbili Hospital 2151351-2/2151298 and IST
Medical Scheme Clinic 0754-783393.
Norway has an embassy in Dar es Salaam and a
consulate in Zanzibar and in Arusha.
In the event of an emergency, the Embassy can be
contacted at the
Royal Norwegian Embassy,
Dar es Salaam:
+255 22 216 3100 or +47 23 95 56 00,
Outside the embassy's opening hours, the public can
contact the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' operational
center on tel: +47 23 95 00 00 or by e-mail:
Please note that entry regulations may change. The
Foreign Service is not responsible if the following
information on entry regulations or visa requirements is
changed at short notice. It is the responsibility of the
traveler to ensure that travel documents are valid for
entry and to familiarize themselves with the current
entry rules for each country.
Norwegian citizens who wish to visit Tanzania need a
Visas can be arranged upon entry (at the airport or
border crossings). It is easy to get a tourist visa upon
entry. Visa to Tanzania currently costs US $ 50. The
visa has a duration of three months. Passport must be
valid for up to six months after entry.
You can also apply for a visa in advance by
contacting the Embassy of the United Republic of
Näsby Alle 6, 183 55 Täby,
If you arrange a visa at the Embassy in Stockholm,
the visa will start to run from the date it is issued.
For more information on Tanzania visas, see the
website of Tanzania's immigration authorities. Here is
information on different types of visas and residence
permits needed for business, students and volunteers -
or for paid work in Tanzania.
It is now also possible to apply for e-visas to
Tanzania. More information can be found here;
Immigration Department - Entry Requirements and Visa
If you come from a country with yellow fever, a
vaccination card with a valid yellow fever vaccine must
Coronavirus (covid-19): Tanzania has
now detected its first cases of coronary infection.
Norwegian travelers should keep abreast of the
development of the corona virus. Feel free to follow
local authorities' advice, guidance and instructions on
how to deal with the situation. For general updates,
refer to the World Health Organization (WHO) website.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs does not create
travel advice because of the risk of infection. It is
the Public Health Institute that provides health advice.
You can find more information and guidance from
Norwegian health authorities on the website of the
Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
The hospital standard in Tanzania is generally low.
This also applies to Zanzibar. Evacuation to Kenya,
South Africa - or home to Norway - may therefore be
necessary if more serious illness or injury should
occur. It is therefore very important that the
individual has good and fully comprehensive travel
insurance during their stay in Tanzania.
As malaria is widespread, it may be appropriate to
use malaria prophylaxis during your stay in Tanzania and
Medical clinics: The IST Medical
Scheme Clinic is located just off the International
School of Tanganyika in Masaki and is run by two Dutch
doctors, Dr. Belia Klaassen and Dr. Ype Smit.
Phone: + 255- (0) 22-2601307 and 2601308
Mobile: + 255- (0) 784-783393
Fax Number: + 255- (0) 22-2600127
Emergency Phone: + 255- (0) 754-783393
Premier Care Clinic
259 Ali Hassan Mwinyi Rd, Namanga, Kinondoni, just off
the Best Bite restaurant.
Doctors: Dr. Omar Awadh and Dr. Pierre Bervas
Phone: (255) (22) 266-8385
Aga Khan Hospital
Phone: (255) (22) 21151521-3
Anyone planning to travel to Tanzania should contact
their GP or travel outpatient clinic in Norway well in
advance (at least four weeks) before leaving for advice
and guidance on necessary vaccinations and other health
advice, including travel pharmacies, birth control and
prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Health
stations can also advise on children and pregnant women
who are traveling.
Personal hygiene is especially important in hot and
humid climates. Wounds are easily infected and should be
cleaned and covered. Water, soap and plastics are
usually sufficient. Fungal infections in the skin are
All fresh water in Tanzania must be considered to
pose a risk of contracting parasitic diseases. Swimming,
washing and wading in lakes (eg Lake Victoria) or rivers
and stagnant water can be dangerous.
Malaria is found throughout Tanzania, with the
exception of certain mountain areas. In Tanzania, it is
therefore absolutely necessary to follow the precautions
that doctors recommend for protection against malaria.
It is also important to take simple precautions such as
covering your arms and legs in the evening, using
mosquito repellent and sleeping under mosquito nets, as
well as treatment with medicines.
If malaria is suspected, a doctor must be sought
immediately. If you feel unwell when using the tablets,
a doctor should be contacted for changed treatment.
At times, there may be cases of dengue fever in some
parts of the country. Dengue fever is a viral infection
transmitted through stings from infectious mosquitoes.
Gulf vaccine is now required if one comes from areas
at risk of infection, but this is not the case if one
comes directly from Europe. However, travelers are
advised to seek advice and guidance from vaccination
offices in Norway before departure.
One should consistently adhere to bottled drinking
If you have to drink water from the mains or lakes,
the water must be boiled and filtered, possibly
chemically treated. Vegetables and fruits must be
thoroughly washed in boiled water or in "Milton" if they
are not peeled and/or cooked. A general good precaution
while staying in Tanzania is to not eat any type of
salads - unless you feel confident that it is washed and
From 1 June 2019 the authorities in Tanzania have
banned plastic bags for environmental reasons. Airline
passengers may be asked to surrender their plastic bags
upon arrival. The ban does not include ziplock bags used
as part of the airlines' security procedures.
Mobile coverage in Tanzania is relatively good, with
the exception of some remote areas. The most common
operators are Airtel, Vodacom, Tigo, Halotel and Zantel.
Therefore, should a major event/disaster occur, the GSM
networks could easily be overloaded - and break down.
The power supply may be somewhat unstable. The power
grid is at 220V 50Hz, there is sometimes very variable
quality of power supply - be prepared for periods of
total absence - or over/under voltage which can damage
various types of electrical equipment, such as phone/PC
Don't expect to be able to pay by credit card except
at the major hotels. The number of ATM terminals (ATMs)
is increasing in the larger cities, but one cannot
expect them to be operational/accessible at all times.
Therefore always have a suitable "buffer" with cash,
preferably Tanzanian shillings. US dollars can usually
be used as well.
Time difference is + two hours compared to the
Norwegian winter time, + one hour during the summer time
English and Swahili are official languages in
Tanzania, but English is varied and generally not as
good as in the other former British colonies in Africa.
The regular Tanzanian is usually perceived as
positive, helpful and outgoing. Brutal and loud voices,
visible drunkenness, cursing/ugly use of words and
disrespectful accusation can be taken very badly.
One should always include valid identification
papers, preferably a copy of passport stating that you
have a valid visa/residence permit or the like.
No drugs are allowed in Tanzania. Persons arrested
with drugs can expect criminal prosecution and severe
penalties if convicted.
There is corruption in Tanzania - also within the
police and other public bodies. Do not accept
non-legitimate claims for money (fines, "fees", etc.)
without involved officials presenting identity card and
service card, explaining / documenting what to pay/why
and finally filling out official receipt.
You should respect local traditions, customs, laws
and religions at all times and be aware of your actions
to ensure that you do not offend anyone.
As a tourist in Muslim areas, it is important to be
careful to follow dress code and avoid enjoying alcohol
elsewhere than at restaurants that are allowed to serve
alcohol. Special precautions should be taken during
Ramadhan. When moving in public places, women should
always wear clothes that cover shoulders, knees and
navel. During the religious holidays (Ramadhan) one is
advised to avoid eating in the public space between
sunrise and sunset.