Mozambique Travel Information
Mozambique has suspended all visa applications and
canceled all granted entry visas. For more information
about coronavirus and entry, see the section Health.
Most trips to Mozambique are made without any special
problems. However, the security situation in northern
Mozambique is characterized by several violent attacks
and conflicts in Cabo Delgado province.
Since October 2017, there have been several violent
clashes, some fatal, between armed groups, security
forces and civilians in Cabo Delgado Province. The
situation has worsened during the spring of 2018. Most
attacks have taken place in villages in the districts of
Palma, Moc¨ªmboa da Praia, Macomia, Quissinga, and
Nangade. These attacks have been targeted at civilian
housing, and smaller public buildings.
It is currently unclear who is behind the attacks and
whether the group has links to networks outside
Mozambique's borders. The authorities have deployed
security forces in the area.
Between February and December 2016, there were
regular fighting and shootings in several areas in
Mozambique. On three routes along the main road EN1,
between the Save River and Muxungu¨¦, between Nhamapandza
and Caia, as well as between Vanduzi and Catandica,
column driving with military cards was introduced. These
escorts were regularly attacked, leading to injuries and
deaths, including civilians. This column run was
discontinued after a ceasefire came to a standstill.
Other areas of conflict were southern parts of
Zamb¨¦zia province (especially between Nicoadala and
Zero, as well as around Morrumbala), the area around
Gorongosa in Sofala province, Manica province
(especially in the Honde/Barue area) and partly also in
Tete province, in the border areas towards Malawi.
No major fighting actions have been recorded since
the ceasefire came into force on December 27, 2017.
Therefore, military cards along the three roads were
wound up in early January. However, the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs has maintained the travel council for
these parts of the country due to the fragile security
situation. At the same time, the political situation is
uncertain after Renamo's opposition leader, Afonso
Dhaklama, died on May 3, 2018. The Foreign Ministry
cannot exclude the flare-up of the conflict, although
there is a ceasefire that seems stable at the present
- Countryaah: Maputo is the capital
of Mozambique. Check to find information of population, geography, history,
and economy about the capital city.
The biggest threat to Norwegians in Maputo is violent
assaults, both on the street and by house burglaries.
Knives are often used in such situations. It is also a
growing phenomenon in other cities and tourist
destinations. Handbags, pocket theft and open cell phone
theft also occur.
One should be vigilant at all times. Usually there
are no police on beaches or islands. Avoid walking alone
after dark, and do not show valuables or money openly.
Avoid withdrawing cash from ATMs in the evening.
Keep car doors locked while driving, and be
especially careful when arriving or leaving homes after
dark. It is not recommended to pick up strangers or stop
to help motorists or pedestrians. In some cases, this is
something criminals use to trick motorists into
stopping. If in doubt, drive directly to a police
If you are exposed to criminal activity, you should
contact the local police immediately and report the
situation. The embassy should also be contacted. If the
passport is stolen, one should quickly contact the
Norwegian embassy and inform the local immigration
authorities. Foreigners are always required to carry
identity papers proving legal residence in the country.
The embassy also recalls that there will often be an
increase in crime in urban centers in Mozambique before
Christmas and New Year.
Since September 2011, over a hundred Mozambicans with
South Asian backgrounds have been kidnapped - mainly
businessmen, but also their family members. The victims
have experienced brutal treatment and large ransoms have
been paid. Despite some arrests, police have been
criticized for poor handling of such cases. The
kidnappings appear to be largely financially motivated
and have so far not affected tourists.
There is left-hand traffic in Mozambique. The traffic
picture appears somewhat obscure, and traffic accidents
are very common due to road conditions, the standard of
many vehicles and poor driving culture.
Always drive carefully and defensively and pay
attention to pedestrians along the roads. It is
recommended to only make car trips on the road outside
the big cities in daylight. Please note that there is
limited availability of fuel and gas stations outside
Traveling by public transport can be risky due to
poor vehicles, road conditions and driving culture. If
in doubt, look for alternative means of transport.
Low-lying areas around large rivers are regularly hit
by floods during the rainy season (October-April). This
makes many roads impassable, and often leads to
infrastructure damage, including roads and bridges. In
general, very many gravel roads are difficult to reach
during the rainy season. Seek advice from local
celebrities before traveling outside of Maputo during
the rainy season. When traveling to remote areas, make
sure the first aid box is included.
Mozambique is also occasionally hit by cyclones,
which occur in the period February-March. The
northernmost provinces are most at risk.
Norwegian driver's licenses are valid for up to 90
days. If you plan to stay longer, you should get an
international driving license or apply for a Mozambican
driver's license. It is mandatory to have a driver's
license in the car. Be ready to present photo
documentation at the request of the police.
Third-party insurance (liability insurance) is
mandatory. This can be purchased at most land border
crossings. One should have two warning triangles and
reflective vest in the car at all times. Reflective vest
should be used for repair and loading or unloading of a
vehicle. It is also mandatory to have a fire
extinguisher in the car.
Police officials sometimes try to take bribes from
tourists. One should not pay bribes to anyone. If you
are stopped by the police, ask for an explanation of the
offense and ask for a written fine that can be paid at a
Social unrest and riots of a political nature have
occurred on some occasions, most recently in September
2010. Such situations are unlikely to occur again.
Therefore, one should follow local media for up-to-date
information, and avoid all demonstrations and
spontaneous clashes of people.
Mozambique was declared mine free in 2015. All known
land mines have now been removed.
Piracy/piracy is a threat in the Indian Ocean, and
has occurred as far as 1,000 nautical miles off the
coast of Somalia. There have also been incidents in
Mozambican waters, most recently in 2010. Despite a
sharp decline in the number of pirate attacks in the
Indian Ocean over the last two years, it cannot be ruled
out that piracy will again pick up and also hit
In February 2006, central Mozambique was hit by an
earthquake measuring 7.5 on Richter's scale. The quake
did not cause major destruction. This was the first
quake in a very long time and the danger of new quakes
is not considered very great.
Norwegian citizens staying for a shorter or longer
period in Mozambique are encouraged to register at
Norwegian citizens are encouraged to have valid
travel insurance. Third-party insurance is required when
In a crisis or emergency, the public can contact the
embassy: firstname.lastname@example.org or
+258 21 48 01 00
Outside the opening hours of the embassy, the
public can contact the UD's 24-hour operating center:
+47 23 95 00 00
, e-mail: UDops@mfa.no
Please note that entry regulations may change. The
Foreign Service is not responsible if the following
information on entry regulations or visa requirements is
changed at short notice. It is the responsibility of the
traveler to ensure that travel documents are valid for
entry and to familiarize themselves with the current
entry rules for each country.
Norwegian citizens need a visa to stay in Mozambique.
It is possible to buy a visa upon arrival at the border
crossings but the Mozambican entry rules can change
quickly and without notice. Therefore, to avoid delays
and confusion that may arise from language issues at
border posts, visitors are advised to obtain a visa in
advance through the Mozambican Embassy in Stockholm. You
can find more information about the application process
on their website.
A standard visa is valid for entry and stays of up to
30 days. If the stay is of a longer duration, or if you
want to travel to neighboring countries and back, you
can apply for a three-month multiple entry visa in
advance. In order to obtain a visa, the traveler should
have at least six free pages in the passport.
However, for a visa with a duration of three months,
you can only stay in Mozambique for up to 30 consecutive
days. The fine for stays beyond this period is currently
(January 2017) at MZN 3000 per day at the border
crossings. The renewal of the stay with the immigration
authorities in Mozambique is somewhat lower, but here is
only a single extension of 30 days.
If you are traveling in the region, it is also
possible to contact the Mozambican High Commission in
South Africa, one of their consulates, or the Mozambique
High Commission in Swaziland to obtain a visa through
Please note that the passport must have a validity
period of six months after entry. In Mozambique it is
necessary to be able to identify, and passports with a
valid visa must always be brought. Emergency passports
are not accepted upon entry into Mozambique. Emergency
passports can also not be used when traveling to or via
It is the responsibility of travelers to ensure that
travel documents, including visas, are valid. Tourists
coming to Mozambique by car must take out third-party
insurance at the border.
According to foreign exchange export rules, it is
only legal to bring MZN 500 out of Mozambique. Imports
and exports of physical currency are held in the maximum
amount of USD.
Coronavirus (covid-19): Coronavirus
has been confirmed in Mozambique. Mozambique has
suspended all visa applications and canceled all granted
entry visas. Furthermore, Mozambican authorities have
introduced mandatory quarantine for all travelers. The
quarantine is set to last for 14 days. The embassy will
update the websites as soon as further information is
Norwegian travelers to Mozambique should keep abreast
of the development of the corona virus. Follow local
authorities' advice, guidance and instructions on how to
deal with the situation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
does not create travel advice because of the risk of
infection. It is the Public Health Institute that
provides infection protection advice when traveling.
You can find more information and guidance from the
Norwegian health authorities on the website of the
Norwegian Institute of Public Health. See also UD's
answers to frequently asked questions about travel and
Capacity and standards in hospitals and healthcare
professionals in Mozambique are low, and it is
recommended to use private clinics/hospitals. In case of
serious illness or injury, medical evacuation to South
Africa may be necessary. It is important to have travel
insurance that covers the evacuation of the sick and
injured. Malaria, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis are
considered to be the biggest health challenges in
Although health services have gradually improved
since the end of the civil war in 1992, Mozambique's
health system remains among the poorest and poorest in
the world. Access to medical care is particularly
precarious outside the major cities and the north of the
The public health services in Mozambique are of very
low standard. There are some private hospitals and
clinics in Maputo that can be used for less serious
illness, but in more severe cases evacuation to South
Africa is recommended.
Malaria is widespread and malaria prophylaxis should
be taken throughout the country. Good precautions are
sleeping under mosquito nets, using mosquito spray /
roll-on electricity and wearing clothes that cover the
skin when you are out in the evening.
Cholera is present throughout the year and flares up
occasionally. To avoid cholera, one can boil the
drinking water or buy bottled mineral water. It also
helps maintain good personal hygiene. Cooked and fried
foods are normally considered harmless.
Bilharzia occurs - avoid contact with stagnant
HIV/AIDS is prevalent, 11.5 percent nationwide and in
some places significantly higher. It is recommended to
bring condoms, they are not always available.
In the autumn of 2007, Mozambique introduced a
requirement that travelers from/via certain countries
must have a vaccine against yellow fever. Travelers must
present a vaccination card to confirm this if they come
Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Colombia,
Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Ecuador,
Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon,
Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Kenya,
Congo, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria,
Panama, Peru, Rwanda, São Tom¨¦ and Pr¨ªncipe, Senegal,
Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Surinam, Tanzania, Togo,
Trinidad Tobago, Chad, Uganda, and/or Venezuela.
Hepatitis vaccine is recommended. See also updated
vaccine information on the Norwegian Institute of Public
Medication deficiencies occur regularly in
Mozambique. However, most medicines can be obtained in
South Africa. The labeling of medications can be
deficient, so it is important to consult a doctor before
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health's websites
provide official health professional travel advice and
health professional guidance to Norwegians when
The area code for calls from Norway to Mozambique is
+258. The telephone network is well developed in and
around the larger cities, but the line can be poor in
peripheral areas and in the north of the country. The
time difference between Norway and Mozambique is +1 hour
at the Norwegian winter time, while you have the same
time in the summer.
Maputo is usually a stable power supply and is at 220
volts and 50Hz. At certain times of the year (rainy
season), the power supply may be erratic, with regular
power outages. On the other hand, access to electricity
north of the country is poor and somewhat unreliable.
You can buy starter kits with prepaid mobile phone
cards for cheap money in our own stores, however, these
sim cards must be registered before they can be used.
Mcel and Vodacom have nationwide networks that also
cover the largest cities, while Movitel has invested
heavily in outskirts. There are also well-developed 3G
networks in the big cities. The Internet domain in the
country is.co.mz. The currency unit in Mozambique is
metical. The currency is not convertible.
Norwegian travelers are advised to bring cash in USD
as well as to have enough funds available on Visa cards.
To the extent credit cards are accepted, Visa is most
commonly used. Most major hotels, shops and restaurants
accept Visa, Mastercard and American Express. In Maputo
and in the major cities, it is problematic to withdraw
local currency with ATM Visa card. Skimming of cards at
Usual opening hours are: Bank 08.00 - 15.00, public
offices 07.30 - 15.30, shops 09.00 - 18.00.
There is little Norwegian tourism in Mozambique, but
there are some Norwegian travel companies that arrange
trips to the country (including Hvitserk and Magellan
The national airline LAM flies routes to/ from
Johannesburg, Harare, Durban, Nairobi and Dar-es-Salaam
in addition to a number of domestic routes. It should be
noted that since 2011, the Mozambican Aviation
Administration IACM has been on the EU flight ban list
because, in the EU's opinion, serious deficiencies in
the institution's routines and capacity have been
revealed. However, the IACM was removed from the EU
flight ban list in May 2017. Therefore, the national
airline LAM is again allowed to resume flights to the EU.
They are a common practice among embassies and
international organizations to use other alternatives
(SA) where possible, but to use LAM when the only
The Portuguese company Tap operates with direct
routes between Europe (Lisbon) and Mozambique. South
African Airways also flies to Mozambique via
Johannesburg. Qatar Airways flies from Oslo via Doha to
Maputo, and Emirates flies from Europe with stopovers in
Dubai and Johannesburg. Kenya Airways flies to Maputo
from Nairobi, and Ethiopian Airlines has direct flights
from Maputo to Addis Ababa. Stockholm and Frankfurt. In
the autumn of 2015, Turkish Airlines started a direct
route between Maputo and Istanbul, with a connection to
Tourist buses between Maputo and South Africa often
run and are good. It is safest to get a taxi outside the
larger hotels. The largest car hire companies operate in
Maputo (Avis, Hertz, Europcar).
National holidays are: January 1 - New Year, February
3 - Heroes 'Day, April 7 - Women's Day, May 1 - Workers'
International Match Day, June 25 - Independence Day
(National Day), September 7 - Victory Day, September 25
- Revolution Day, October 4 - Peace and Reconciliation
Day, November 10 - Maputo's Day, December 25 - Family
Day. If holidays fall on Sunday, it is free the
Tips are not included in the restaurant bill. It is
expected that approx. ten percent tip.
It is illegal to drive a car under the influence of
alcohol and it is illegal to possess narcotics. Laws and
regulations are not necessarily enforced and respected.
There are serious accidents in traffic due to drivers
and pedestrians who are affected by alcohol.
It is prohibited to photograph in public offices,
airports, military organizations, housing and police or
officials without the special permission of the Ministry
Foreigners are always required to carry identity
papers proving legal residence in the country. One can
be stopped by the police and asked for a passport,
possibly a certified copy of the passport and visa.
The official language is Portuguese, which is
mastered by approx. 30 percent of the population.
English is progressing, but is still not widely used.
This is especially true outside the capital Maputo.
Beyond this, there are a number of local languages in
It is useful to note that Mozambicans place greater
emphasis on formal courtesy than Norwegians. That means
greeting, apologizing and thanking people you for
example. deal with or meet informally several times. A
greater degree of courtesy and formality must be
demonstrated in meetings with public authorities.