French capital plans to restrict the circulation of diesel vehicles. it will also promote the use of the bicycle to fight against pollution.
Guillaume Descazal, 35, has been on the bike for six months now more than ever. He is responsible for computer research at Crédit Coopératif and in April he accepted the pilot experiment launched by the government of President François Hollande to encourage workers to use clean transport to get to work. Crédit Coopératif’s head office is in Nanterre, on the outskirts of Paris, and Descazal replaced his bike with a bicycle. The company, in turn, pays 0.25 euro for each kilometer traveled. “The average € 30 [99 reais] a month they paid me helped me buy a new bike, because the one I use in my spare time is mountain”, says the official, after removing the special equipment that he uses to pedal Through the streets of Paris. Adding the light to the bike is also a good scene for night Paris, WRITINGLES for bike lights..
The pilot experience ended on December 1. Workers from 20 companies participated, and the Government prepares the presentation of its conclusions. Meanwhile, it has already abided by a proposal put forward by the Greens in the National Assembly in its Energy Transition Law to force companies to compensate workers who use the bike to go to work. Currently, they only pay (up to the ceiling of 55 euros per month) for those who use public transportation.
This is one of several initiatives taken in France to make the country an example of sustainable development. To all of them this week was one of the most drastic and innovative: city mayor Anne Hidalgo announced that the city will be free of diesel vehicles in just over five years. At the same time, while Paris increases its communications underground with 200 new kilometers of subway tracks, on the surface there will be cleaner air and more people on bicycles. The use of this vehicle is increasing, but transit in it in Paris continues being, at the moment, a temeridade.
The Government and its powerful ecology minister, Ségolène Royal, have not gone that far. The latter also entered the debate, saying that the ban on the use of fireplaces, which was scheduled for January 2015, was an exaggeration. This is despite experts saying that the fire that burns during an afternoon in a fireplace emits as many particles as an old eight-year-old diesel car that has traveled several thousand kilometers. But in their ministry, they are working to offer a prize of 10,000 euros to anyone who trades their old diesel car for an electric or hybrid, to encourage green research in the sector and to impose on cars, as does Germany, a system that allows The quick identification of the vehicles that pollute the most. France, a highly industrialized country, wants to change airs.
Transport is the main emitter of greenhouse gases in the country (27% of the total). In addition, diesel, which is used by 60% of the French automobile fleet, emits microparticles that are carcinogenic, according to a 2012 survey by the World Health Organization (WHO). Automakers, however, regard the general ban as wrong. They argue that the new diesel cars have filters that prevent the emission of harmful microparticles. At PSA, the French manufacturer of the brands Citroën and Peugeot, the most important in Europe in vehicles of this type, there is skepticism. “The quality of the air will not improve.We already have eight million diesel vehicles on the market free of microparticles.The important thing is to distinguish between the old ones, the ones that pollute more, and the new ones,” Laure de Servigny added: “According to our projections, in 2020 there will only be 3% of electric vehicles in France and 20% of hybrids, the rest will be petrol or diesel.”
“Old diesel vehicles are an aberration. They are the real problem,” says Jean-Baptiste Renard, director of the laboratory of physics and environmental chemistry at the CNRS, the public research institute. “To clean the air of Paris would be to extend the limitation to these vehicles to the periphery and, generally, to consume less.” This is where automobile factories and public authorities are planning to further promote public transport and see the bicycle as an ideal ally.
All but a repetition of past pollution peaks, as in December 2013 and March this year, when the streets of Paris breathed the same air of a 20-square-meter room with eight smokers.
France, and especially Paris, want to get closer to the Nordic lifestyle. The change can generate an interesting economic niche, the green one, that will improve the quality of life of its citizens and, of breaking, will reduce the energy expenditure. The renovated Crédit Coopératif building is a positive energy (it spends less than it produces), and several of its employees have decided to go cycling. It is the means of transport of Christophe Vernier, who was the incentive of him inside the company. He says he is satisfied: “It is good for the environment, it is good for the wage earner, because he exercises and earns an award, and it is good for the company because it reduces the stress of his staff, who suffers less illnesses and is more productive Which are difficult to measure results.”