Also known as mountain cycling, mountain bike aims to transpose irregular paths and obstacles in dirt roads, farm trails, trails in mountains and even in the city. Is a sport that involves strength, dexterity and self-sufficiency.
The mountain biking (mountain biking or MTB) arose in the 50, when a group of cyclists and some surfers began to frequent the trails of the mountains of California, in the United States, in search of different challenges and activities for days without waves. The trails and dirt roads soon conquered the youth group. As yet there were no proper bikes to descend down the Hill, they adapted the bikes cruisers adding components, such as Exchange, bigger tires and brakes more effective, to start this new sport.
A watershed in the sport was the creation of the Mountain Biker, first company to produce special bikes. The bikes together with cycling light were manufactured in Japan and sales success was II.
In Brazil the sport emerged in the years 80, when the first Championships were held. Today, many disputes happen across the country, with a technical level. The mountain biking is a sport practiced in almost all regions of the world. The sport spread fast, perhaps bringing people together with nature, beyond the pleasure and adrenaline.
There’s no shortage of places to practice in Brazil, with options for all tastes. The practitioner should be aware of your level and find the place that more suits. The State of Minas Gerais is considered the national capital of sport.
How common is the practice of sport in isolated places, the aspect of self-sufficiency is important so that the rider can perform minor repairs on the bike. Therefore, the practitioner must always carry some safety items. In addition, it is important to always carry water (backpack with deposit or canteen attached to the bike, with water or isotonic mixture).
By having great physical requirement, it is necessary to perfect nutritional care. We recommend that you always take foods such as cereal bars, fruit or something equally Rico in carbohydrates and easy to carry. To be id’d, the caloric expenditure of a mountain bike can reach 6000 calories per day. These calories should be filled mostly by carbohydrates, which represent the largest energy source during the sport activity.
A great way to start the export is through the clubs and associations that organize tours and existing competitions. In addition, for starters, it’s worth looking for experienced people to pick up a few tips. They already know what are the main difficulties and can provide useful guidance.
The minimum equipment for the practice of mountain biking, as well as a suitable bike, is composed of helmet, gloves, a camera-to-air and air pump.
The main equipment, bike, has a number of special features. It normally has thicker tires and with carnations, which offer more grip in muddy terrain and greater traction control. In addition, have shock absorbers on the front or back, and in some cases in both places. The rims are double-walled, reinforced in order to prevent deformation in the overtaking of obstacles. Experts say that parts of good quality is also critical to ensure a good result in the sport. Check below:
Frames- It’s definitely the most important part of the bike. Although there are various types of frames (steel, chrome, aluminum, carbon fiber, and titanium metal matrix), what counts is the way. Are reinforced and sturdier, especially in disciplines that include jumps and falls from great heights, but without compromising gradually on the weight of the set.
Brakes – There are four models of brakes, which are: cantilevers (oldest), v-brakes, hydraulic and the disk. Never choose an accessory for the price. Remember that cycling is a set.
Suspensions- There are two models of suspension. The back and the front. The most important thing in this is seeing the equipment weight, resistance, stiffness and compression. The shock absorbers are used to reduce the impacts of the cyclist and allow greater control of the bike. The main front is about to start, Telescopic fork or double-crown (two crown, one under and one on top of the Steering box) or normal (slightly smaller than the telepole).
Exchange rate- Popularly known as March, the exchange rate is divided into three parts: rear derailleur, front derailleur and shifter. The gear ratios are larger and lighter, so accurate as the cycling road bikes. Nowadays the number of gears ranges from 21 to 30.
Wheels- The wheels are divided into four components: RIM, hub, spokes and rims. Each has a different function. The important thing is to get the quality of the equipment, for a piece that doesn’t fit the other can harm all the equipment.
Tires – are thicker and carded (with carnations and usually above 1.5.5″ width), which absorb impact more efficiently, have greater grip in muddy terrain and offer greater control and traction over rough terrain, bike in the sand and mud.
Hoops – Have 26 hoops “and 24”, 26 “, usually instead of 700 rings of road cycling. The rims are double-walled, reinforced in order to prevent deformation in the overtaking of obstacles. Recently being used 29 rings too “and mixtures, as 29 26.5″ 8″ in front and behind;
Handlebars -the handlebar (handlebars) is may be higher, allowing a less biased and more comfortable for the rider or too straight, classic model for being one of the first types to be used.
The mountain bike has different modalities in the competitions are used to define the categories. They are:
Cross Country- Is the more traditional test mountain biking, held usually in long distance routes in a land that varies with climbs, descents, technical snippets or closed trails. The evidence usually happen in closed circuits, in which the athletes give several laps. Races are normally held in a group. In some international competitions, this mode is called XCO (Olympic cross-country), having to obey some technical parameters such as runway length and amount of laps.
Trip or Trail Marathon -is the sort of evidence on which the route is long and leads from one point to another, which may or may not be the same as the start of the race. In Brazil is also known as inter city. Alternates stretches of road, trails and asphalt. When the route is very long, can be named Marathon and also take two or even three days. This type of evidence can also compose one of the modalities of a rally, the other with motor vehicles. In other cases, proof of trip trail can compose one of the excerpts from an Adventure race. Is your anhando is increasing mode popularity due to its festive character and easily accessible to all.
Downhill- “Down hill” in English. Is faster and more exciting proof. The route is all downhill, with stony passages, filled with hairpin turns and natural obstacles. On descents, the rider faces very irregular terrain with jumps (jump points), gaps (spans to be transposed with or without the use of a ramp) and drops (large steps where the rider if leaves “fall” to transpose), in situations of risk. In this type of evidence it is customary to use a full-face helmet (helmet closed which protects the Chin, similar to motocliclismo), brace with cinnamon and often collect and cuff. It is a sport that requires a lot of technique.
Free ride – A variation of the downhill, is used as a form of leisure, having as main difference the use of varied terrain, instead of just downhill, in addition to the tours called north shores – consisting of floor over fallen trees or by paths on top of Woods, created within forests. As a result, the free ride bike presents some variations in the ratio ofdownhill, as for example the use of more than one Crown (on front marches). Thefree ride tours within cities are called commonly of urban assault and use urban obstacles, often stairs, in addition to obstacles constructed fixed or removable obstacles that are assembled on the spot and taken away later.
Dual Slalom – is a modality that has obstacles in inclined and is made with two athletes running side by side, as in skiing. Are placed flags for where the rider must pass. Whoever comes first wins. The course is similar to the downhill, but both go down on parallel runways.
Biketrial- In this mode, the course consists of several obstacles to be overcome by competitors, which can be composed of easels, driftwood, stones, cans, walls and at cars. Bicycles usually have small frames, reinforced, hydraulic brakes, under guard of the Crown and emptier tires, especially the ass, that in addition to more empty has no camera, is wider and composed of a comfy rubber, to increase the grip. Competitors begin with certain punctuation and lose points every time you touch the ground with any of the feet.
Uphill- “Hill climb” in English. Reverse the downhill, the contestants must climb a route with at least 80 percent of ascent. The competition can be in group or with individual outlet of time. Competitors must have enough stamina. The bikes are light to facilitate the ascent.
BMX -the name derives from Bicycle Motocross since the first bicycles imitated these bikes. The evidence is disputed in circuit with several turns and obstacles such as jumps and turns, usually for very young competitors, with smaller bikes, RIM 20. There are other BMX related how, for example, the Vertical and the Freestyle.