Although partially urbanized, Ilhabela, in the State of São Paulo, still protects beautiful corners where access is possible only by trail or boat. With more than 250 waterfalls, lush beaches and mountain peaks that reach approximately 1300 meters of altitude covered by Atlantic forest, this State Park is perfect for the practice of outdoor activities, such as hiking on trails and surfing, and also is considered the paradise of sailing and diving.
Between the peaks of this oceanic island include the Baepi (1025 m), the Parrot (1037 m) and Saint Sebastian (1379 m), all located on the island of São Sebastião, the largest of the archipelago. These mountains form a barrier to the winds coming from the sea, generating large occurrence of rain on site. The Island has many hostels and several camping areas for visitors.
Created in 1977, Ilhabela State Park preserves important excerpts from the little that remains of the Atlantic forest in the State of São Paulo in Brazil. Trees of 20 to 30 meters in height in the landscape that is completed with the thousands of streams and rivers and the diverse fauna and flora. The archipelago also serves as a refuge for migratory bird species there are landing and food, during the major conferences that take place every year.
In addition to its natural heritage, the Ilhabela still counts with the richness of the caiçara culture, manifested in the craft, fishing vessels, small fishing villages and in festivals like the Congada from São Benedito and São Pedro Procisão. The ancient paths made by caiçaras form today the dozens of trails that lead to every corner of the island. It was not by chance that already in 1502, when the island was discovered, Amerigo Vespucci wrote that if there was really a paradise on Earth, this would certainly be very close to this region, known today by the North coast of São Paulo.
Bonete track – known worldwide as one of the most beautiful beaches, the access is made by sea or by a 15 km trail, which begins in sprays and ends in Bonete, passing several waterfalls. There exists no electric light, the light comes from a generator for the community, which is isolated from the rest of the island, with its own customs. Although well marked the trail requires good physical shape to face climbs and rugged terrain during the four to 5 hours.
Castilian trail – Has 22 km, which is the road that cuts the Ilhabela State Park. Can be covered on foot, by bicycle and car, depending on the condition of the road. Cutting streams, hills and all the kills, in about 6 hours of walking you will reach the beach of Castilians. With choppy waves, and huge white sand track that covers its 2 km long, the beach has two streams of clear water.
Trilha do Baepi’s peak – Of great difficulty, this trail can be covered in 4 hours walk until the 1058 m altitude, from where you can see the panoramic view of the mountain range of the island, the São Sebastião channel and good part of the Serra do Mar is essential to be accompanied by a guide with experience and knowledge of the region and there is a need for authorization by the Park Administration to climb.
White water trail -Located at the beginning of the Castilians this trail is easily accessible, well demarcated and has a box at the beginning of the boundaries of the Park. Three paths lead to several waterfalls and clear waters, with swimming pools and showers and picnic area. A little luck and countless species of birds, such as the Tangara, the green-winged Saltator, araponga and the Woodpecker can be observed.
Trilha da Cachoeira da Lage Black – also known as the bride’s Veil and Black Slab this waterfall is located east of the island, in Castilian. For being difficult to access only a guide or local resident with practice to go to the bottom of the waterfall. The hike lasts about 2 hours.
Mansa beaches, Trails and fig tree – starting from Castilians can reach these three beaches via a trail from the South side of the Bay. Are 30 minutes before the first Beach, where it’s worth a quick stop. Through the Woods, followed by more 45 minutes reached the praia Vermelha. About 2 more hours is praia da Figueira. All with quirky charms, are natural habitats of wild fauna and flora of the Atlantic forest and the people who live from fishing and crafts.
Trail of Pico de São Sebastião -located to the South of the island, this trail leads to the highest point of the archipelago, reaching 1379 m. Several tracks of hunters make way too hard. Requires good physical conditioning and lasts approximately 8 hours. Only experienced guides roam this part of the island.
Waterfall Trail of the three Falls -easy access, is on a track with less than 500 meters extension, at the entrance of the Sorceress. You can visit the three falls local waterfall.
Pit Trail – is at the end of the road to the North of the island. After the praia do Jabaquara, followed by 4 hours on a track near the coastline reached the beach, where a waterfall tumbles down on the sands, forming a freshwater pool. Veloso track-Located in the South of the island, its main attraction is the waterfall with approximately 50 meters in height, with a pool of about 70 square meters and average depth of one metre and 70. Lasts approximately 40 minutes.
Trails from the beaches of the Sawmill, skull, Guanxumas and Eustace – praia da Mill consists of a traditional community simple and small. Leaving her walks-if 1 hour to the beach of the skull, uninhabited Beach, but beautiful. Then walk 40 minutes to the beach of Guanxumas, populated with a traditional community, and finally, over 20 minutes until the bag Beach Eustace, beach is well structured in bars and restaurants, lively and ideal for diving.
How to get there
Ilhabela is 210 km and 350 km from Rio de Janeiro. From the city of São Paulo, there are four options: the highways Ayrton Senna, Carvalho Pinto, Tamoios or Via Dutra. In all cases, go to São José dos Campos and from there proceed to Caraguatatuba, the Tamoios. Then move on to San Sebastian by Rio-Santos (BR 101). Who go straight by Rio-Santos, the coast of Rio de Janeiro or Sao Paulo, will enjoy the beautiful view of the beaches. Then cross on a raft until the Ilhabela, path that takes about 15 minutes.
Ilhabela with Trails & Directions
For Beach, Sun and a lot of walking is essential to have on hand bags small and versatile to carry accessories. The Trails & Directions have a few options, such as the backpack Anaton 18, which features anatomical format and space for flexible canteen. It has two side pockets on the screen where you enter two additional bottles for hydration and a front pocket with internal compartments for mobile phone, pens, etc.
Another alternative is the Crampon 15 backpack, perfect for short walks, mountain biking or climbing. Has space for your helmet, and two front pockets and rubberized grip for better transport. Has side pockets, screen adjustments, ventilated back, barrigueira and pectoral stabilizers, compartment for canteen with output and flexible hose hidrataçã clip and built-in raincoat.
Another good option for short walks is the Kit Acqua, Fanny Pack light with support for two clutches of water and inside pocket for documents. Against the unexpected winds of coast, we suggest the Windbreak Minuano, which is very light and compact and essential to always have in the back of the Pack.
For those who are going camping, a good option is the Bivak Aluminumtent. It accommodates a people comfortably, with your personal baggage, and has only 1.7 Kg! For two people the best alternative is Quota 2tent, which weighs 3.3 Kg with igloo format your new model has two entries and frames marked with color system to facilitate mounting.
Rainfall in regions of Atlantic forest are always common, especially in the summer. To protect them, a tip is the Anorak Storm Shelter, which has resistance to 10000 mm waterproofing water column and sealed seams. It also has built-in hood in collar, with the ventilation system that prevents condensation and made in breathable fabric. It is fully lined, comes with double zipper and your Pocket becomes packaging for transport.