The control of the mind and of the senses. So it can be set to yoga, an ancient technique that takes the practitioner to a path to the understanding of yourself and a greater spiritual connection.
There are four basic procedures required of those who practice yoga: the domain of the body, of the senses, of the mind and a vigilance about the actions themselves. But how to achieve all this? With the proliferation of the technique, there were also several lines, each marked by one style, recommendations, and characteristics. And there is no one better than the other. The secret is to search about them, to identify their characteristics and, from there, define which variation suits your profile and goals that you seek through meditation.
Despite the differences, all the lines follow the eight guidelines that characterize the teachings of yoga:
- Yamas: live by following an ethical standard of life
- Nyama: self-discipline
- Asanas: physical postures
- Pranayamas: control of breath
- Pratyahara: note conscious, without involvement of the senses
- Dharana: a state of concentration
- Dhyana: meditation
- Samady: the full consciousness, the final release
Get to know some of the types of yoga most widespread and popular:
The main lines of yoga
This is the classical yoga and is the most popular in the west, characterized by a smaller number of postures, the latter being more basic. It is suitable for beginners and works your breathing, balance and alignment, through moments of relaxations in the classroom. The Hatha is focused on deepening the philosophical and seeks to work the mind through the body. The four formal elements of Hatha Yoga are: asana, pranayama, relaxation, and mental attitude correct.
The word means “love of God” and this is the line of spiritual Yoga, which seeks communion between the human and the Divine. Generally, those who search the Bhákti already has a way relationship of faith with God and want to intensify this feeling, and that translates to a knowledge of the Divine.
Karma Yoga also has a line of spiritual quest and the way of God by the middle of the action. It takes into consideration the significance of cause and effect, and therefore believes that it is necessary to engage in a work of altruism, one based only on love and detachment, so as to find the path to the Divine. Is preached, the desire to serve the other’s feelings as selfishness, anger, and ambition.
Raja Yoga or Yoga Real
This is a line that has as its goal the spiritual development and is not focused on physical effort. The Raja Yoga works on the mental waves and, being deeper, is often sought by those who already have the habit of meditating. The practice consists of four parts (or angas):
- Pratyáhára: that is the abstraction of the senses;
- Dháraná: when the yogi can fix his attention on a single point and is in a state of mental concentration;
- Dhyána: is the state of meditation, when the yogi manages not to think;
- Samádhi: it Is a state of self-realization and hyper-awareness of nature enlightening.
Four other parts were added around the end of the three before Christ, which codified the Yoga Classic:
- Yama: Is to abstain from a life of excesses in every sense of life, whether in relation to the consumption, to food, to sex, to work, to family;
- Niyama: it Is the process of purification and surrender to God;
- Asana: Are the postures of Yoga, which must be stable and pleasant. The yogi must be able to stand firm and comfortable in the positions, without any agitation of body;
- Pranayama: control of vital energy (called prana) through the mastery of the breath.
The Kundalini is an energy that is concentrated asleep at the base of the spine, also known as the first chakra (the energy centers). When awakened, rises up to the head, passing through all the chakras and resulting in an expansion of consciousness. This line has a connection with the ayurvedic medicine and works exercises of breathing, posture, meditation, twitches and hand gestures (mudras).
It is a branch of Hatha Yoga and require strength, flexibility and awareness. It is a line more intense, composed of six series fixed sequence of postures that cause the practitioner to sweat a lot. In addition to detoxify the body through sweating, the practice helps to renew the blood, promotes physical fitness, strength, concentration, alignment and muscle balance.
This is a line inspired by the Ashtanga and that is a combination of breathing exercises with the execution of the postures varied, but without a fixed sequence. Promotes endurance, strength, flexibility, awareness, breathing, concentration and vitality。
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