Go carp fishing, is first to understand the relationships that the CARP weaves with other aquatic species. It is therefore important for understand you the 2 roles of common carp in the food chain. It is really essential that you get regular results throughout the year!
A food chain, what is it?
A food chain is a set of relationships that determines the order in which plant and animal species are eating.
In freshwater aquatic, it allows to prioritize food relationships between plant species and animal species.
An aquatic food chain is made up of 5 essential links:
§vegetaux producers: these plants produce plants that are necessary for the development of aquatic life. They also enable the primary consumers of feed.
Primary §consommateurs: these are small invertebrates (crustaceans, larvae) feeding plants created by producing plants.
Secondary §consommateurs: it’s all white fish (such as the CARP) and amphibians (frogs). These animals eat small invertebrates and aquatic plants.
Tertiary §consommateurs: all of the carnivorous fish (Pike or perch among others) that feed exclusively on secondary consumers.
Predatory §Supers: some animals such as birds or aquatic mammals.
On the right picture below, you see that each species is part of a series of relationships organized.
The plants and animals are interdependent of each other. Their survival depends on the health of the species they feed.
And carp in all this? We come right away.
2 roles of common carp in the food chain aquatic
The common carp has a food relationship with many aquatic species.
Where is the common carp in this food chain?
CARP holds a special place as “secondary consumers”. It is located in the center of the aquatic food chain.
This central site allows him to play 2 roles: a regulatory role in species and a role of prey for certain animal species.
1 role: as regulatory common carp of species
An excess of some populations of plants or animals can unbalance the global ecosystem. It is therefore normal that plant and animal species can reach a balance. In fresh water, the common carp plays this role of regulation.
1 role of the common carp is to eat human beings living that make up the ecosystem of the aquatic environment.
Simply put, it is producing plant and the “primary consumers” of the food chain that we raised a little higher.
Master plant populations
The flora is the base of the food chain in freshwater. The flora consists of plants (plants, algae, mosses) and phytoplankton that produce the food of small invertebrates (primary consumers). Their development is provided by light through photosynthesis.
These plants are part of the diet of carp. Remember, carp is omnivorous white fish. Plant species are part of its diet.
By feeding on plants, carp allows to master their proliferation. For example, a too much of algae can stifle the development of other aquatic plants.
This excessive proliferation may adversely affect the diversity of aquatic plants. It would also limit the diversity of animal species (fish and invertebrates). Indeed, these animals are related to producing plants by the relationships in the food chain.
Regulate the populations of small invertebrates
The abundance of producers plants allows small invertebrates to develop (crustaceans, larvae and zooplankton). These animals are the 2nd link of the food chain.
These small crustaceans are also part of the diet of common carp. Indeed, the crustaceans are part of the family of invertebrate animals (with the larvae). They are carnivorous and feed so the zooplankton (small aquatic animals).
By eating these small crustaceans, the common carp can regulate their population. Too much population of these small animals can unbalance the harmony of the aquatic environment. They can prevent the development of essential to aquatic life zooplankton.
The common carp can be one of the guarantors of this balance of the aquatic ecosystem.
2nd role: common carp as prey
As the common carp is located in the middle of the food chain, it plays a role as important as the 1st 2nd. It is to serve as prey for predators (Pike, pike perch, etc.).
On the menu of predators
Hey Yes, common carp used meal for predators with necessary equipment! We see you coming… You tell us that the CARP have no predators.
Hey so good! Before becoming a beautiful and imposing, the common carp passes through different States: the stage of FRY passing to the stage of carpeau. As a result, the common carp has many predators throughout its growth.
For example, at the stage of FRY, the boom is a voracious predator of carp FRY.
Another example, the Catfish is a very dangerous predator. It can feed on fish of medium sizes as common carp (before maturity of the CARP growth stage).
In addition to predators, carp is also facing another type of predator. It’s a final stage in the aquatic food chain: Super predators.
The danger of great predators
At the top of the aquatic food chain is super predators. They form the link in higher in the food chain. These awesome predators are characterized by the fact that they have no natural predators.
These awesome predators include humans or even some birds like cormorants. These awesome predators are a threat to the common carp. As for predators, these awesome predators may feed the CARP during its growth, even at a late stage of its growth.
The man was long regarded as a super predator for carp because he was using the captured catch. Suddenly, big carp were regularly paid out to eat.
Today, fishing carp is more a hobby than a practice used to feed. In fact, the practice of the no-kill (release of fish after his capture) has grown a lot in the CARP fishing.
On the other hand, the cormorant or the heron are still part of the potential threats to the common carp. They can be attacked by these aquatic birds that consume large amounts of fish per day.
These 2 roles may seem self-evident. Yet many anglers often forget relationships carp’s relationships with other species of the aquatic food chain.
Understanding these relationships will help you to better understand the behaviors of the carp. You’ll be better prepared and you will increase your chances to catch him during your fishing trips.