The CARP are fish whose resilience is remarkable. This ability allowed the CARP to develop in 6 different habitat types.
As carp, you must be able to identify these 6 habitats and their characteristics. This knowledge allow you to better understand the carp and their living spaces.
Habitat, what is it?
According to the dictionary, a habitat is an “environment defined by a set of physical factors lives in an animal, a group, or a species. You can read all the definitions on the site of the Larousse.
More simply put, this means that a habitat is a place that brings together special features (food, climate, fauna and local flora, relief, etc.) to host plant and animal species.
For carps, habitat is an area containing fresh water where they can find food, reproduce and rest. A habitat is a place where carp can live and find most of their daily needs.
So, the places where water is present and provides most of the needs of carp are many. There is not a single place to live but many places of lives for carp. It seems obvious we read but trust us, this is not the case for a good part of the CARP anglers.
We used to talk to other anglers to realize that a good part of them does not distinguish the differences between the many habitats of the carp. They do not understand their lack of result or worse their repetitive covers. Most of the time, this is related to a lack of understanding of their fishing spot.
You can avoid this by analyzing your fishing spot and covered the key points of the various places of the CARP lives.
6 major habitats of carp and their characteristics
You probably know, the CARP are freshwater fish. They live exclusively in environments where the water is not salty.
The lives of carp you are perhaps familiar. But you know give their main criteria? We will help you to identify for each of their habitats.
Large natural lakes, a mountainous habitat
Natural lakes are large bodies of water. The water in the Great Lakes may be sweet or salty. In the case of salt water, one speaks then of inland sea.
The lakes are usually surrounded by Earth and even by mountains, for those located in altitude.
The main feature of the Lakes is that they are crossed by a stream. Contrary to belief, the lakes are distinguished by their size or their depth. Indeed, there are lakes in the world that are smaller than some ponds. Yet, they are called Lakes.
For example, the Berre pond is larger (155 km²) that Lake Annecy (44 km²). It is so good to be crossed by a stream that characterizes the Lakes.
The water of the Great Lakes is a stagnant water. The particularity of this water is that it breaks down into several layers.
One speaks then of stratification of the water layers. That is, the water layers have several levels (like the floors of a building).
These water layers overlap and act in different ways. To learn more about the functioning of a Lake, we recommend this site which provides clear explanations.
For example, the lower layers of water have currents in depth and the water is rather cold. Conversely, the water at the surface is not affected by the currents and water is warmer than in depth.
The complexity of the environment of the Great Lakes natural translates more widespread activity of carp. It is therefore more difficult to fish in this habitat.
The pits or excavations, an artificial habitat
The pits are large areas artificially dug by humans to extract gravel nestled beneath the Earth. After the end of extraction of careers, the pits are filled with water then into artificial water bodies.
The pits are relatively large (a few tens of hectares). The water is stagnant and generally good quality. In the bottom of the gravel, sand and rocks filter the water sent by the rains which contributes to the bluish color of the water.
The water of the gravel is a stagnant water as in a pond. The borders of a gravel pit to hold water is locked up as for the ponds. The pits are larger than ponds.
The activity of carp can focus on specific areas of the gravel depending on the time of day or night.
Made up of freshwater ponds
The ponds are bodies of stagnant waters carved naturally or created artificial man-made.
1st feature is that the water is trapped in a closed environment. In other words, the ponds are unrelated to water courses. The water is taken trapped by the surrounding land without being able to escape. See technology-wiki.com for types of fishing rods.
The 2nd feature of the ponds is that the water is stagnant. They say that he is a calm water since it is not crossed by currents.
In General, the size of the ponds is smaller than a lake. Same thing about the depth: a pond is shallower than a lake.
The activity of carp there is therefore more concentrated compared to natural lakes.
The rivers are water courses which have a bed relatively wide. The water flow is fast.
The rivers are characterised by finishing their journey in an another watercourse (river or river). The river bed is generally shallow.
The water is of very good quality with filtering of water made by the rocks and plants. Water flows through an inclination of the local terrain.
Water from the rivers is a so-called “current” water, that water moves in a determined way. In contrast to water from ponds or pits where water does not circulate beyond the borders.
In this type of habitat, the CARP are more mobile because of the current. CARP provide more efforts to move and feed.
Channels, a very busy habitat
The channels are water courses which have been built by humans for the purposes of navigation. It is an artificial waterway built to facilitate the passage of boats for business or pleasure.
The channels are characterized by a slow running water (not visible on the surface) and by the presence of locks that regulates the passage of water. Aware of the channels does not in the same way as the current of a river. Water movements occur thanks to the passage of boats which leads the water in their wake.
The CARP are to move in the wake of boats that produces ripples in the bottom of the channels.
Rivers, a vast habitat
The rivers are streams whose beds are larger than rivers or channels. The flow of water is more important and is done quickly. The particularity of a river is that it flows generally into a sea or ocean.
The rivers have the particularity to finish their journey in the sea or ocean. This is a clean rivers and distinctive feature compared to other habitats of the carp.
A 2nd characteristic of the rivers is that at their mouth water can also be salty. The mouth is the final part of the river which joins the Sea (salt water). Fresh water provided by the rivers mix with the water of the sea.
Except for this part of a river, the water is not salty. It is a freshwater lakes, ponds, or rivers.
As in plain rivers, carp are more mobile because of the current and high water flow. They provide a lot of effort in their daily activities.
With this panorama, we just see each habitat has its own characteristics.
Therefore, it is important that you identify these 6 habitats and their characteristics to understand the carp.
And understand how to act the CARP brings closer you to success for your future fishing parties.
With this understanding, you will adapt your strategy of fishing and fish more efficiently!