Located in the cities of Tibagi (PR), Guartelá State Park protects a great archaeological richness, as well as canyons, waterfalls and many other attractions. This State conservation unit was established in 1992 in order to preserve the Canyon of the river Iapó, the sixth largest in the world, with 32 km, altitudes ranging from 700 to 1200 metres, in addition to being the only with native vegetation, as stated in the Guinness Book, the book of records. According to legend, the name “Guartelá” arose the expression “Guard you where here“, used by a resident of the region to prevent your compadre Indian attack.
Managed by the Environmental Institute of Paraná (IAP), the Guartelá has reception to visitors and flagged trails. Within the park there is no more area to camp. In this case, you must find own areas located around the Park.
The two tracks available Guartelá for visitors. Basic trail you can see the Canyonof the river Iapó, through a gazebo; the waterfall of the stone bridge, with 200 metres of slope; and the cooking pots of the sinkhole, two natural baths. Complete trail hikers enjoy the natural beauty and can also admire the cave paintings of up to 7000 years: a true open-air museum. For this it is necessary to hire a localaccredited driver through the Park, the tour operators in Tibagi.
Outside the Park, you can perform other outdoor activities in the municipality, such as hiking, rafting on the Tibagi River and cascading (abseiling in waterfall). The stone bridge is the site most visited Park. This is a bridge carved by nature, where you can see the waters of the waterfall, which pass under it and fall to the bottom of the Valley, in nearly 200 meters of fall.
Besides this natural wonder, you can also find the “cooking pots in the Sink“ andthe majestic River Iapó that cut the gap with large Rapids. There are species of plants that are normally seen in completely distinct places: ferns and xaxins typical of the Atlantic forest; Cacti just found in the caatinga; and Brazilian walnut andcambuí, forming the vegetation of wetlands. There is still a great amount of Araucaria, copaíbas, ipês–yellow, yerba mate, bromeliads, orchids, Palm trees, beards–of–goat, among many other species. The different ecosystems present in the houses, in addition to the Guartelá diversified flora, various species of fauna. Among them curucaca, the Hawk Kitty–Kitty, quail, Partridge, the Guan, the Anteater,the howler monkey, Armadillo, the capybara and the Maned Wolf, the latter a rare species threatened with extinction.
The marks of the early inhabitants of the Canyon are recorded in rock paintingsmade in rock formations. The Guartelá was also the travel scenario of the unstoppable drovers who roamed the Campos Gerais, driving cattle for sale in Sorocaba fair.
· The Park is open from 8:00 to 6:00 pm, Wednesdays to Sundays and national holidays.
· There is no more campground within the Park. This must be done in appropriate areas surrounding the protected area.
· The choice of lodgings closer to the Park, located 6 km away, is the Pousada Fazenda Guartelá (Tel. 42–3275–1127). The city has other hosting alternatives.
· Be careful in the waterfalls and waterfalls, because the stones are smooth and the risk of accidents is too large.
· To make the basic trail guide is not required. However, to visit the cave paintings prior hiring driver is required, which can be done in the city of Tibagi, in Sematur (Department of tourism).
· More information about the Park can be obtained by calling (42) 3916–2150, (42) 3916–2151 or 0800–6431388.
How to get there: from Curitiba, Northwest, take the BR–376 to Ponta Grossa (115 km), then the PR–151 until Castro (over 45 km). From Castro, hit the road (PR–340) which links this city to nearby Tibagi. The entrance to the Park is 42 km fromCastro and 18 km of Tibagi.