Anatomy of Carp Fish

Before you can throw the cane into the water, all fishing must know the fish he covets in order to anticipate his reactions or even do the right things when fishing. Therefore, it is essential to learn before you go carp fishing.

We will evoke the anatomy, diet, and reproduction in the CARP system.

In other words, we’re going to go review the main points forming the biology of carp.

The Anatomy of carp, from A to Z!

The CARP being a fish, it has an anatomy very well adapted to the aquatic environment. We study its Anatomy for you!

The head, an essential function

Like most fish, the CARP has gills that allow him to extract oxygen from the water. These gills replace the lungs normally found on most human beings alive.

On the top of his head, the CARP has two eyes that allow him to have a 98 ° wide viewing angle. This field of view allows him to detect movements that occur in front of her in the water and above it out of the water.

According to, the CARP can rely developed his taste and his touch thanks to its short and long barbels around its mouth.

She also has nostrils that allow him to have a sensitive sense of smell. His nostrils are placed between his mouth and his eyes.

The barbels and his sense of smell allow CARP to find its food in the deep waters of ponds and lakes.

His body, essential part for travel

On the surface of his body, CARP has called “Cycloid” scales which have the particularity of being smooth, thin and flexible. Generally found this type of scales on the white fish.

The massive skeleton of CARP to endure his muscles and his brain. His skeleton is made up of the bones of the head, a vertebral axis and stop. CARP muscles are used to the propulsion and also allow him to breathe.

At both ends of her body, is on one side the fins that are used to move and navigate in the aquatic environment and on the other his head where his brain. The latter presents the main psychomotor functions.

CARP has a dorsal fin and a powerful tail fin which allow it to move easily and escape from their natural predators.

Its slimy body is covered fully or partially (according to the varieties of CARP) scales with the exception of the leather carp, which does not.

Overall, the CARP has all the attributes that allow him to live in the aquatic environment and to escape from its natural predators.

Diet and digestion in carp

The diet and the digestive system of the CARP are closely related. Indeed, knowledge of the digestive system gives us guidance on the types of foods that can ingest the carp.

For example, for the predators who have no stomach, prey pass directly to the intestine where they are digested.

His diet

The carp is an omnivorous fish. It feeds mainly on algae, shoots, of invertebrates (worms, small crustaceans and insect larvae) and plant debris, and more rarely FRY.

To find food, carp search funds with its protractile mouth, i.e. a mouth that can stretch out to the front. She swallows its prey by sucking them.

The digestion process

The digestive system of the carp is a sequence of steps through which food passes.

The beginning of this process begins at the entrance to the mouth and continues through the oral cavity and esophagus to then lead to the stomach that secretes digestive juice to the food processing.

Then, processed foods continued their road to the intestine where they are slowly digested. The end of the digestion process ends with the anus.

The digestion process is a slow and long process allowing CARP to collect the energy required for its proper functioning and good health.

Breeding of carp

CARP breeding season is between the months of May to July when the water warms up and reached 19 ° C. This period corresponds roughly at the beginning of the summer.

As soon as the conditions are met, females earn shallow waters as well as flooded meadows to lay their eggs (180 000 per kilo of weight on average) who adhere to aquatic vegetation.

These places of sweet allow CARP to protect eggs from possible predators but also to expose them to the light needed for hatching.

Once the females have laid their eggs, the males just fertilize them by issuing their Milt.

After an incubation period of 4 to 8 days, the FRY emerge and grow quickly as long as the environment is rich in food and the temperature adapted.

Based on ponds and lakes, the conditions can be different and therefore to vary time incubation and development of FRY.

The main varieties of carp may intersect to give birth to hybrid carp.

For example, the CARP can cross with a red fish (Yes, you read that!) or even with a crucian, fish from the same family as the carp (the cyprinidae family) but has a smaller size and that lacks barbels around the mouth.

In terms of longevity, the CARP can live several decades if the conditions of their living environment. Usually, she lives 20 years maximum.

The carp is a fascinating fish from an anatomical point of view but also from a point of view of adaptation with his special diet. Here in summary, the main information about carp.